AWARENESS OF POPULATIONS AND DISEASES
Mosquitoes pick up and carry disease pathogens, such as Zika and West Nile Virus, and transmit them from person to person through their bites.
You and your family—particularly the very young, the elderly and those with chronic diseases—could be at risk from the following mosquito-borne illnesses here in the U.S.:
WEST NILE VIRUS
Only 1 in 5 people infected with West Nile will have any symptoms, such as fever, headache, joint and body aches, vomiting or rash. However, about 1% of those infected will develop a serious neurological illness such as encephalitis or meningitis, which can lead to paralysis, death or other long-term effects.
This emerging threat only sickens about 20% of those infected. Common symptoms are fever, rash, joint pain or conjunctivitis (red eyes). In pregnant women infected, however, scientists are investigating the connection between Zika and serious birth defects.
Symptoms of Dengue can include high fever, serious headache or joint, muscle or eye pain, mild bleeding of gums or nose or easy bruising. Severe cases can progress to serious bleeding issues, including vomiting blood.
Most people infected with Chikungunya will develop symptoms such as fever and joint pain, headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, or rash. While the disease rarely results in death, symptoms can be severe and disabling.
ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS
Most infected by SLEV have no symptoms; others may experience fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, and tiredness. Though rare, inflammation of the brain can occur, particularly in older adults, and may result in long-term disability or death.
EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS (EEEV)
Most infected with EEEV do not become ill, but those who do experience sudden headache, high fever, chills and vomiting; this can progress into disorientation, seizures or coma, with approximately 33% mortality and significant brain damage in most survivors.